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Oman Population


The population of Oman in 2005 was estimated by the United Nations at 2,436,000, which placed it at number 137 in population among the 193 nations of the world. In 2005, approximately 3% of the population was over 65 years of age, with another 33% of the population under 15 years of age. There were 128 males for every 100 females in the country. According to the UN, the annual population rate of change for 2005-10 was expected to be 1.8%, a rate the government viewed as satisfactory. The projected population for the year 2025 was 2,984,000. The population density was 12 per km² (30 per mi²), with the greatest concentrations around Muscat and on the Batinah coast; together, these two regions have more than half the population.

The UN estimated that 76% of the population lived in urban areas in 2005, and that urban areas were growing at an annual rate of 3.27%. The capital city, Muscat, had a population of 638,000 in that year. Salalah is the principal town of the south.


3,090,150 (July 2012 est.)
note: includes 577,293 non-nationals

Age structure
0-14 years: 30.8% (male 488,762/ female 464,328)
15-64 years: 66% (male 1,157,119/ female 882,153)
65 years and over: 3.2% (male 49,660/ female 48,128) (2012 est.)

Median age
total: 24.4 years
male: 25.7 years
female: 22.8 years (2012 est.)

Population growth rate
2.043% (2012 est.)

Birth rate
24.33 births/1,000 population (2012 est.)

Death rate
3.42 deaths/1,000 population (July 2012 est.)

Net migration rate
-0.47 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2012 est.)

urban population: 73% of total population (2010)
rate of urbanisation: 2.3% annual rate of change (2010-15 est.)

Major cities - population
Muscat (capital) 634,000 (2009)

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